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Employment trends
Income by gender

Proportion of men and women earning various annual incomes, by industry, 1996–2011

Next update December 2017


2011: Income distribution by sex in 2011 Census

According to the Census of Population and Housing conducted in August 2011, men are much more likely than women to earn an income in the highest bracket of $65,000 or more and much less likely to earn an income in the lowest bracket of less than $20,800. Predictably, the industries with significant numbers of part-time workers – exhibition and video hire – have the highest proportions of people earning less than $20,800.

Due to inflation, caution should be used when comparing income brackets in previous years, even where the ranges are the same.

  < $20,800 $20,800–
$31,199
$31,200–
$41,599
$41,600–
$51,999
$52,000–
$64,999
$65,000
& over
Not stated
All selected audiovisual industries1
Men 22% 8% 9% 9% 12% 40% 1%
Women 34% 11% 11% 9% 10% 25% 1%
Film and video production and post-production services
Production
Men 10% 7% 10% 12% 14% 46% 1%
Women 11% 9% 11% 13% 14% 39% 1%
Post-production
Men 10% 6% 11% 13% 13% 47% 1%
Women 10% 11% 11% 16% 14% 37% 2%
Film and video distribution
Men 5% 8% 12% 12% 12% 49% 1%
Women 10% 12% 13% 14% 13% 39% 0%
Film exhibition
Men 52% 13% 10% 7% 6% 11% 1%
Women 63% 14% 8% 5% 4% 4% 1%
Television broadcasting
Free-to-air
Men 3% 3% 7% 10% 15% 62% 1%
Women 6% 5% 12% 12% 17% 46% 1%
Subscription
Men 7% 7% 11% 12% 15% 48% 1%
Women 8% 11% 17% 16% 12% 35% 1%
Video hire
Men 61% 13% 9% 5% 5% 6% 1%
Women 66% 15% 10% 4% 2% 2% 1%

Source: Compiled by Screen Australia using unpublished data from the Australian Bureau of Statistics (ABS), Census of Population and Housing, 2011.

Notes:
Adjustments have been made to figures by the ABS to avoid the release of confidential data. Figures may not total exactly due to rounding.
Breakout data on production, post-production and free-to-air and subscription broadcasting was available for the first time in 2006.
1. ‘Selected audiovisual industries’ includes film and video production and post-production services, film and video distribution, film exhibition, television broadcasting and video hire as well as not further defined audiovisual categories which are not included separately but included in totals. Industry definitions used by the ABS have changed over time. See Industry and occupation definitions for classifications and definitions.

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2006: Income distribution by sex in 2006 Census

According to the Census of Population and Housing conducted in August 2006, men are much more likely than women to earn an income in the highest bracket of $67,600 or more and much less likely to earn an income in the lowest bracket of less than $20,800. Predictably, the industries with significant numbers of part-time workers - exhibition and video hire - have the highest proportions of people earning less than $20,800.

Due to inflation, caution should be used when comparing income brackets in previous years, even where the ranges are the same.

  < $20,800 $20,800–
$31,199
$31,200–
$41,599
$41,600–
$51,999
$52,000–
$67,599
$67,600
& over
Not stated
All selected audiovisual industries1
Men 26% 11% 11% 11% 14% 26% 1%
Women 42% 14% 12% 9% 10% 12% 1%
Film and video production and post-production services
Production
Men 12% 12% 14% 14% 17% 30% 2%
Women 15% 14% 15% 15% 16% 23% 2%
Post-production
Men 10% 10% 14% 18% 17% 29% 2%
Women 15% 13% 23% 17% 15% 18% 0%
Film and video distribution
Men 12% 10% 15% 12% 16% 34% 1%
Women 17% 13% 20% 13% 17% 18% 2%
Film exhibition
Men 53% 14% 11% 7% 6% 7% 1%
Women 68% 15% 7% 4% 3% 2% 2%
Television broadcasting
Free-to-air
Men 4% 5% 10% 13% 21% 46% 1%
Women 7% 11% 17% 17% 21% 26% 1%
Subscription
Men 7% 13% 17% 16% 15% 31% 1%
Women 10% 16% 24% 15% 15% 18% 1%
Video hire
Men 64% 14% 9% 4% 3% 4% 2%
Women 72% 15% 6% 2% 1% 1% 1%

Source: Compiled by Screen Australia using unpublished data from the Australian Bureau of Statistics (ABS), Census of Population and Housing, 2006.

Notes:
Adjustments have been made to figures by the ABS to avoid the release of confidential data. Figures may not total exactly due to rounding.
Breakout data on production, post-production and free-to-air and subscription broadcasting was available for the first time in 2006.
1. ‘Selected audiovisual industries’ includes film and video production and post-production services, film and video distribution, film exhibition, television broadcasting and video hire as well as not further defined audiovisual categories which are not included separately but included in totals. Industry definitions used by the ABS have changed over time. See Industry and occupation definitions for classifications and definitions.

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2001: Income distribution by sex in 2001 Census

  < $20,800 $20,800–
$31,199
$31,200–
$41,599
$41,600–
$51,999
$52,000–
$77,999
$78,000
& over
Not stated
All selected audiovisual industries1
Men 26% 15% 15% 11% 17% 13% 2%
Women 43% 18% 14% 9% 9% 5% 2%
Film and video production
Men 17% 18% 18% 13% 18% 15% 2%
Women 20% 23% 19% 13% 13% 9% 2%
Film and video distribution
Men 20% 18% 16% 11% 17% 15% 2%
Women 28% 18% 21% 14% 11% 6% 1%
Motion picture exhibition
Men 49% 17% 13% 7% 7% 5% 2%
Women 65% 16% 9% 4% 3% 1% 2%
Television services
Men 6% 13% 17% 16% 27% 20% 1%
Women 12% 20% 23% 16% 18% 10% 2%
Video hire
Men 64% 19% 8% 3% 3% 2% 2%
Women 73% 16% 5% 1% 1% 1% 2%

Source : Compiled by the Australian Film Commission using unpublished data from the Australian Bureau of Statistics (ABS), Census of Population and Housing, 2001.

Notes:
Adjustments have been made to figures by the ABS to avoid the release of confidential data. Figures may not total exactly due to rounding.
1. ‘Selected audiovisual industries’ includes film and video production, film and video distribution, motion picture exhibition, television services and video hire as well as not further defined audiovisual categories which are not listed separately but included in totals. Industry definitions used by the ABS have changed over time. See Industry and occupation definitions for classifications and definitions.

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1996: Income distribution by sex in 1996 Census

  < $20,800 $20,800–
$31,199
$31,200–
$41,599
$41,600–
$51,999
$52,000
& over
Not stated
All selected audiovisual industries1
Men 27% 21% 17% 13% 20% 2%
Women 48% 23% 13% 6% 7% 2%
Film and video production
Men 22% 22% 19% 12% 23% 2%
Women 30% 27% 19% 9% 13% 2%
Film and video distribution
Men 21% 21% 17% 18% 21% 1%
Women 33% 26% 22% 10% 8% 1%
Motion picture exhibition
Men 54% 15% 11%  8% 9% 2%
Women 76% 14% 5% 2% 1% 2%
Television services
Men 8% 22% 21% 18% 28% 1%
Women 17% 33% 23% 12% 13% 1%
Video hire
Men 65% 21% 7% 2% 3% 2%
Women 79% 15% 3% 1% 1% 2%

Source: Compiled by the Australian Film Commission using unpublished data from the Australian Bureau of Statistics (ABS), Census of Population and Housing, 1996.

Notes:
Adjustments have been made to figures by the ABS to avoid the release of confidential data. Figures may not total exactly due to rounding.
Video hire was available as a separate industry classification for the first time in 1996.
1. ‘Selected audiovisual industries’ includes film and video production, film and video distribution, motion picture exhibition, television services and video hire as well as not further defined audiovisual categories which are not listed separately but included in totals. Industry definitions used by the ABS have changed over time. See Industry and occupation definitions for classifications and definitions.

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