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Employment trends
Men and women

Number and proportion of men and women employed, by industry, 1971–2011

Next update December 2017

Selected audiovisual industries
Film and video production and post-production services
Film and video distribution
Film exhibition
Television broadcasting
Video hire

Selected audiovisual industries, 1996–2011

According to the Census of Population and Housing conducted in August 2011, there were 45,846 people employed in selected audiovisual industries1. Of these, 53 per cent were men and 47 per cent were women.

Data for some industry categories dates back to 1971; however, employment in the video hire industry was included in 1996 for the first time. Since then, the proportion of men and women working in the audiovisual industries has remained relatively steady, with the number of men growing at a slightly faster rate than women (increasing by 15 per cent compared to 11 per cent).

  Number Proportion
Men Women Men Women
1996 21,317 19,374 52% 48%
2001 25,188 23,113 52% 48%
2006 23,411 21,677 52% 48%
2011 24,416 21,430 53% 47%
Change since 1996 15% 11%    

Source: Compiled by Screen Australia using unpublished data from the Australian Bureau of Statistics (ABS), Censuses of Population and Housing, 1996–2011

Notes:
Adjustments have been made to figures by the ABS to avoid the release of confidential data.
1. ‘Selected audiovisual industries’ includes film and video production and post-production services, film and video distribution, film exhibition, television broadcasting, video hire and not further defined audiovisual categories. Industry definitions used by the ABS have changed over time. See Industry and occupation definitions for classifications and definitions.

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Film and video production and post-production services, 1971–2011

According to the Census of Population and Housing conducted in August 2011, there were 9,908 people employed in film and video production and post-production services1. Of these, 65 per cent were men and 35 per cent were women.

Since 1971, the proportion of men and women working in the industry has remained steady, with the number of men growing at a marginally faster rate than women (increasing by 564 per cent compared to 543 per cent).

  Number Proportion
Men Women Men Women
1971 966 544 64% 36%
1976 1,119 645 63% 37%
1981 1,895 1,201 61% 39%
1986 2,789 2,010 58% 42%
1991 3,398 2,339 59% 41%
1996 4,784 2,976 62% 38%
2001 4,800 2,902 62% 38%
2006 5,158 3,103 62% 38%
Production 4,560 2,802 62% 38%
Post-production 598 301 67% 33%
2011 6,410 3,498 65% 35%
Production 5,556 3,145 64% 36%
Post-production 854 353 71% 29%
Change since 1971 564% 543%    

Source: Compiled by Screen Australia using unpublished data from the Australian Bureau of Statistics (ABS), Censuses of Population and Housing, 1971–2011.

Notes:
Adjustments have been made to figures by the ABS to avoid the release of confidential data.
Breakout data on production and post-production was available for the first time in 2006.
1. Industry definitions used by the ABS have changed over time. See Industry and occupation definitions for classifications and definitions.

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Film and video distribution, 1971–2011

According to the Census of Population and Housing conducted in August 2011, there were 657 people employed in film and video distribution1. Of these, 44 per cent were men and 56 per cent were women.

Since 1971, the proportion of women working in the industry has remained relatively unchanged, with only a 2 per cent decrease, while the proportion of men has fallen by 33 per cent.

  Number Proportion
Men Women Men Women
1971 434 373 54% 46%
1976 491 420 54% 46%
1981 379 365 51% 49%
1986 335 340 50% 50%
1991 282 293 49% 51%
1996 835 874 49% 51%
2001 459 598 43% 57%
2006 410 461 47% 53%
2011 291 366 44% 56%
Change since 1971 -33% -2%    

Source: Compiled by Screen Australia using unpublished data from the Australian Bureau of Statistics (ABS), Censuses of Population and Housing, 1971–2011.

Notes:
Adjustments have been made to figures by the ABS to avoid the release of confidential data.
1. Industry definitions used by the ABS have changed over time. See Industry and occupation definitions for classifications and definitions.

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Film exhibition, 1971–2011

According to the Census of Population and Housing conducted in August 2011, there were 9,871 people employed in the film exhibition1 industry. Of these, 48 per cent were men and 52 per cent were women.

Since 1971, the proportion of men and women working in the industry has remained steady, with the number of men growing at a faster rate than women (increasing by 122 per cent compared to 96 per cent).

  Number Proportion
Men Women Men Women
1971 2,125 2,626 45% 55%
1976 2,048 2,611 44% 56%
1981 2,041 2,479 45% 55%
1986 1,436 1,746 45% 55%
1991 1,505 1,874 45% 55%
1996 2,174 2,874 43% 57%
2001 4,726 5,353 47% 53%
2006 4,217 4,686 47% 53%
2011 4,712 5,159 48% 52%
Change since 1971 122% 96%    

Source: Compiled by Screen Australia using unpublished data from the Australian Bureau of Statistics (ABS), Censuses of Population and Housing, 1971–2011.

Notes:
Adjustments have been made to figures by the ABS to avoid the release of confidential data.
1. Industry definitions used by the ABS have changed over time. See Industry and occupation definitions for classifications and definitions.

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Television broadcasting, 1971–2011

According to the Census of Population and Housing conducted in August 2011 there were 17,296 people employed in the television broadcasting1 industry. Of these, 56 per cent were men and 44 per cent were women.

Since 1971, the proportion of women working in the industry has increased from 28 to 44 per cent, and the number of women has grown by 421 per cent.

  Number Proportion
Men Women Men Women
1971 3,833 1,462 72% 28%
1976 6,357 2,380 73% 27%
1981 7,452 3,250 70% 30%
1986 8,034 3,912 67% 33%
1991 5,904 3,379 64% 36%
1996 8,802 5, 750 60% 40%
2001 10,154 7,234 58% 42%
2006 8,911 6,664 57% 43%
Free-to-air 7,149 5,499 57% 43%
Subscription 1,762 1,165 60% 40%
2011 9,680 7,616 56% 44%
Free-to-air 7,683 6,374 55% 45%
Subscription 1,997 1,242 62% 38%
Change since 1971 153% 421%    

Source: Compiled by Screen Australia using unpublished data from the Australian Bureau of Statistics (ABS), Censuses of Population and Housing, 1971–2011.

Notes:
Adjustments have been made to figures by the ABS to avoid the release of confidential data.
Breakout data on free-to-air and subscription broadcasting was available for the first time in 2006.
1. Industry definitions used by the ABS have changed over time. See Industry and occupation definitions for classifications and definitions.

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Video hire, 1971–2011

According to the Census of Population and Housing conducted in August 2011, there were 7,552 people employed in the video hire1 industry. Of these, 39 per cent were men and 61 per cent were women.

Since data became available in 1996, the proportion of men and women working in the industry has remained steady. Since 2006, there has been a large decline in the numbers of men (down 18 per cent) and women (down 28 per cent) working in the video hire industry.

  Number Proportion
Men Women Men Women
1996 3,641 6,106 37% 63%
2001 4,285 6,528 40% 60%
2006 4,383 6,592 40% 60%
2011 2,976 4,576 39% 61%
Change since 1996 -18% -25%    

Source: Compiled by Screen Australia using unpublished data from the Australian Bureau of Statistics (ABS), Censuses of Population and Housing, 1996–2011.

Notes:
Adjustments have been made to figures by the ABS to avoid the release of confidential data.
Video hire was available as a separate industry classification for the first time in 1996.
1. Industry definitions used by the ABS have changed over time. See Industry and occupation definitions for classifications and definitions.

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