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Employment trends
Qualifications

Proportion of employees with various levels of qualifications by industry, 1991–2011

Next update December 2017

Selected audiovisual industries
Film and video production and post-production services
Film and video distribution
Film exhibition
Television broadcasting
Video hire

Selected audiovisual industries, 1996–2011

According to the Census of Population and Housing conducted in August 2011, the proportion of people in the selected audiovisual industries1 with a bachelor degree or higher has steadily increased, from 16 per cent in 1996 to 31 per cent in 2011. About one in five people identified themselves as having other qualifications, while 44 per cent indicated they had no formal qualifications.

  Bachelor degree or higher Other qualification2 Unknown No qualification
1996 16% 20% 7% 58%
2001 20% 20% 5% 55%
2006 24% 21% 4% 51%
2011 31% 22% 3% 44%

Source: Compiled by Screen Australia using unpublished data from the Australian Bureau of Statistics (ABS), Censuses of Population and Housing, 1996–2011.

Notes:
Adjustments have been made to figures by the ABS to avoid the release of confidential data. Figures may not total exactly due to rounding.
1. ‘Selected audiovisual industries’ includes film and video production and post-production services, film and video distribution, film exhibition, television broadcasting, video hire and not further defined audiovisual categories. Industry definitions used by the ABS have changed over time. See Industry and occupation definitions for classifications and definitions.
2. Includes certificate, diploma and advanced diploma qualifications.

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Film and video production and post-production services, 1991–2011

According to the Census of Population and Housing conducted in August 2011, the proportion of people in film and video production and post-production services1 with a bachelor degree or higher has steadily increased, from 17 per cent in 1991 to 43 per cent in 2011. About one in four people identified themselves as having other qualifications, while the number of people with no formal qualifications has fallen to 29 per cent.

  Bachelor degree or higher Other qualification2 Unknown No qualification
1991 17% 21% 9% 53%
1996 25% 23% 6% 46%
2001 29% 24% 5% 42%
2006 37% 25% 4% 34%
Production 36% 25% 4% 34%
Post-production 41% 25% 5% 30%
2011 43% 25% 3% 29%
Production 42% 25% 3% 30%
Post-production 48% 24% 3% 25%

Source: Compiled by Screen Australia using unpublished data from the Australian Bureau of Statistics (ABS), Censuses of Population and Housing, 1991–2011

Notes:
Adjustments have been made to figures by the ABS to avoid the release of confidential data. Figures may not total exactly due to rounding.
Breakout data on production and post-production was available for the first time in 2006.
1. Industry definitions used by the ABS have changed over time. See Industry and occupation definitions for classifications and definitions.
2. Includes certificate, diploma and advanced diploma qualifications.

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Film and video distribution, 1991–2011

According to the Census of Population and Housing conducted in August 2011, the proportion of people in the film and video distribution1 industry with a bachelor degree or higher has steadily increased, from 13 per cent in 1991 to 41 per cent in 2011. About one in five people identified themselves as having other qualifications, while the number of people with no formal qualifications has fallen to 35 per cent.

  Bachelor degree or higher Other qualification2 Unknown No qualification
1991 13% 17% 10% 60%
1996 16% 23% 6% 55%
2001 23% 20% 6% 51%
2006 30% 21% 5% 45%
2011 41% 21% 3% 35%

Source: Compiled by Screen Australia using unpublished data from the Australian Bureau of Statistics (ABS), Censuses of Population and Housing, 1991–2011.

Notes:
Adjustments have been made to figures by the ABS to avoid the release of confidential data. Figures may not total exactly due to rounding.
1. Industry definitions used by the ABS have changed over time. See Industry and occupation definitions for classifications and definitions.
2. Includes certificate, diploma and advanced diploma qualifications.

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Film exhibition, 1991–2011

According to the Census of Population and Housing conducted in August 2011, the proportion of people in the film exhibition1 industry with a bachelor degree or higher has increased, from 7 per cent in 1991 to 14 per cent in 2011. Overall around one in five people identified themselves as having some form of qualification, while over two-thirds indicated they had no formal qualifications.

  Bachelor degree or higher Other qualification2 Unknown No qualification
1991 7% 12% 10% 71%
1996 9% 11% 8% 72%
2001 14% 14% 5% 67%
2006 13% 16% 4% 68%
2011 14% 17% 2% 66%

Source: Compiled by Screen Australia using unpublished data from the Australian Bureau of Statistics (ABS), Censuses of Population and Housing, 1991–2011.

Notes:
Adjustments have been made to figures by the ABS to avoid the release of confidential data. Figures may not total exactly due to rounding.
1. Industry definitions used by the ABS have changed over time. See Industry and occupation definitions for classifications and definitions.
2. Includes certificate, diploma and advanced diploma qualifications.

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Television broadcasting, 1991–2011

According to the Census of Population and Housing conducted in August 2011, the proportion of people in the television broadcasting1 industry with a bachelor degree or higher has steadily increased, from 14 per cent in 1991 to 43 per cent in 2011. About one in four people identified themselves as having other qualifications, while 29 per cent indicated they had no formal qualifications.

  Bachelor degree or higher Other qualification2 Unknown No qualification
1991 14% 24% 9% 53%
1996 20% 26% 7% 48%
2001 26% 27% 5% 42%
2006 35% 26% 4% 35%
Free-to-air 37% 25% 4% 34%
Subscription 27% 30% 5% 38%
2011 43% 25% 3% 29%
Free-to-air 45% 24% 3% 28%
Subscription 34% 29% 3% 34%

Source: Compiled by Screen Australia using unpublished data from the Australian Bureau of Statistics (ABS), Censuses of Population and Housing, 1991–2011.

Notes:
Adjustments have been made to figures by the ABS to avoid the release of confidential data. Figures may not total exactly due to rounding.
Breakout data on free-to-air and subscription broadcasting was available for the first time in 2006.
1. Industry definitions used by the ABS have changed over time. See Industry and occupation definitions for classifications and definitions.
2. Includes certificate, diploma and advanced diploma qualifications.

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Video hire, 1996–2011

According to the Census of Population and Housing conducted in August 2011, the proportion of people in the video hire1 industry with a bachelor degree or higher has remained relatively steady when compared to other audiovisual industries, increasing from 4 per cent in 1996 to 9 per cent in 2011. Overall, around one in five people identified themselves as having some form of qualification.

  Bachelor degree or higher Other qualification2 Unknown No qualification
1996 4% 12% 7% 77%
2001 6% 12% 5% 78%
2006 7% 14% 4% 75%
2011 9% 17% 3% 72%

Source: Compiled by Screen Australia using unpublished data from the Australian Bureau of Statistics (ABS), Censuses of Population and Housing, 1996–2011.

Notes:
Adjustments have been made to figures by the ABS to avoid the release of confidential data. Figures may not total exactly due to rounding.
Video hire was available as a separate industry classification for the first time in 1996.
1. Industry definitions used by the ABS have changed over time. See Industry and occupation definitions for classifications and definitions.
2. Includes certificate, diploma and advanced diploma qualifications.

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