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Employment trends
Qualifications by gender

Proportion of men and women with various levels of qualifications by industry, 1996–2011

Next update December 2017

Selected audiovisual industries
Film and video production and post-production services
Film and video distribution
Film exhibition
Television broadcasting
Video hire

Selected audiovisual industries, 1996–2011

According to the Census of Population and Housing conducted in August 2011, 54 per cent of men in the selected audiovisual industries1 had a qualification, compared to 52 per cent of women. The proportion of people with a bachelor degree or higher has grown steadily since 1996 for both men and women (rising from 15 to 29 per cent and 16 to 33 per cent respectively). The proportion of people with no formal qualification fell for both men and women.

Proportions of men and women with and without qualifications, by industry, 2011

Graph representing proportions of men and women with and without qualifications, by industry in 2011. Following table provides the data.
  Bachelor degree or higher Other qualification2 Unknown No qualification
Men Women Men Women Men Women Men Women
1996 15% 16% 24% 15% 6% 7% 54% 62%
2001 19% 21% 24% 16% 5% 5% 52% 58%
2006 23% 25% 24% 17% 4% 4% 49% 54%
2011 29% 33% 25% 19% 3% 3% 43% 46%

Source: Compiled by Screen Australia using unpublished data from the Australian Bureau of Statistics (ABS), Censuses of Population and Housing, 1996–2011.

Notes:
Adjustments have been made to figures by the ABS to avoid the release of confidential data. Figures may not total exactly due to rounding.
1. ‘Selected audiovisual industries’ includes film and video production and post-production services, film and video distribution, film exhibition, television broadcasting, video hire and not further defined categories. Industry definitions used by the ABS have changed over time. See Industry and occupation definitions for classifications and definitions.
2. Includes certificate, diploma and advanced diploma qualifications.

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Film and video production and post-production services, 1996–2011

According to the Census of Population and Housing conducted in August 2011, 72 per cent of women in film and video production and post-production services1 had a qualification, compared to 65 per cent of men. The proportion of people with a bachelor degree or higher has grown steadily since 1996 for both men and women (rising from 22 to 38 per cent and 29 to 51 per cent respectively). The proportion of people with no formal qualification fell for both men and women.

  Bachelor degree or higher Other qualification2 Unknown No qualification
Men Women Men Women Men Women Men Women
1996 22% 29% 25% 20% 6% 7% 47% 45%
2001 25% 35% 26% 21% 5% 5% 43% 39%
2006 32% 45% 27% 22% 4% 4% 37% 29%
Production 31% 44% 27% 22% 4% 4% 37% 30%
Post-production 37% 50% 26% 20% 5% 4% 32% 25%
2011 38% 51% 27% 21% 3% 3% 32% 25%
Production 37% 51% 27% 21% 3% 2% 33% 25%
Post-production 46% 53% 26% 20% 2% 4% 26% 23%

Source: Compiled by Screen Australia using unpublished data from the Australian Bureau of Statistics (ABS), Censuses of Population and Housing, 1996–2011.

Notes:
Adjustments have been made to figures by the ABS to avoid the release of confidential data. Figures may not total exactly due to rounding.
Breakout data on production and post-production was available for the first time in 2006.
1. Industry definitions used by the ABS have changed over time. See Industry and occupation definitions for classifications and definitions.
2. Includes certificate, diploma and advanced diploma qualifications.

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Film and video distribution, 1996–2011

According to the Census of Population and Housing conducted in August 2011, 65 per cent of men in the film and video distribution1 industry had a qualification, compared to 61 per cent of women. The proportion of people with a bachelor degree or higher has grown steadily since 1996 for both men and women, increasing from 15 to 40 per cent and from 17 to 43 per cent respectively. The proportion of people with no formal qualification fell for both men and women.

  Bachelor degree or higher Other qualification2 Unknown No qualification
Men Women Men Women Men Women Men Women
1996 15% 17% 26% 20% 6% 7% 54% 56%
2001 23% 23% 21% 20% 4% 7% 51% 51%
2006 32% 28% 19% 22% 6% 4% 43% 47%
2011 40% 43% 25% 18% 3% 3% 32% 37%

Source: Compiled by Screen Australia using unpublished data from the Australian Bureau of Statistics (ABS), Censuses of Population and Housing, 1996–2011.

Notes:
Adjustments have been made to figures by the ABS to avoid the release of confidential data. Figures may not total exactly due to rounding.
1. Industry definitions used by the ABS have changed over time. See Industry and occupation definitions for classifications and definitions.
2. Includes certificate, diploma and advanced diploma qualifications.

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Film exhibition, 1996–2011

According to the Census of Population and Housing conducted in August 2011, 34 per cent of men in the film exhibition1 industry had a qualification, compared to 29 per cent of women. The proportion of people with a bachelor degree or higher has fluctuated slightly since 1996; overall, for men, it has increased from 10 to 15 per cent and, for women, from 8 to 13 per cent.

  Bachelor degree or higher Other qualification2 Unknown No qualification
Men Women Men Women Men Women Men Women
1996 10% 8% 14% 9% 9% 7% 68% 75%
2001 13% 14% 18% 11% 5% 4% 64% 70%
2006 13% 12% 19% 14% 4% 3% 64% 71%
2011 15% 13% 19% 16% 2% 2% 64% 69%

Source: Compiled by Screen Australia using unpublished data from the Australian Bureau of Statistics (ABS), Censuses of Population and Housing, 1996–2011.

Notes:
Adjustments have been made to figures by the ABS to avoid the release of confidential data. Figures may not total exactly due to rounding.
1. Industry definitions used by the ABS have changed over time. See Industry and occupation definitions for classifications and definitions.
2. Includes certificate, diploma and advanced diploma qualifications.

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Television broadcasting, 1996–2011

According to the Census of Population and Housing conducted in August 2011, 72 per cent of women in the television broadcasting1 industry had a qualification, compared to 64 per cent of men. The proportion of people with a bachelor degree or higher has grown steadily since 1996 for both men and women, increasing from 15 to 36 per cent and from 26 to 52 per cent respectively. The proportion of people with no formal qualification fell for both men and women.

  Bachelor degree or higher Other qualification2 Unknown No qualification
Men Women Men Women Men Women Men Women
1996 15% 26% 30% 19% 6% 8% 49% 47%
2001 22% 33% 30% 22% 5% 5% 43% 40%
2006 28% 44% 30% 21% 5% 4% 37% 31%
Free-to-air 29% 46% 29% 20% 5% 4% 37% 29%
Subscription 25% 30% 34% 25% 5% 4% 36% 41%
2011 36% 52% 28% 20% 3% 3% 33% 25%
Free-to-air 37% 54% 27% 20% 3% 3% 33% 23%
Subscription 31% 38% 32% 23% 3% 4% 34% 35%

Source: Compiled by Screen Australia using unpublished data from the Australian Bureau of Statistics (ABS), Censuses of Population and Housing, 1996–2011.

Notes:
Adjustments have been made to figures by the ABS to avoid the release of confidential data. Figures may not total exactly due to rounding.
Breakout data on free-to-air and subscription broadcasting was available for the first time in 2006.
1. Industry definitions used by the ABS have changed over time. See Industry and occupation definitions for classifications and definitions.
2. Includes certificate, diploma and advanced diploma qualifications.

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Video hire, 1996–2011

According to the Census of Population and Housing conducted in August 2011, 28 per cent of men in the video hire1 industry had a qualification, compared to 24 per cent of women. The proportion of people with a bachelor degree or higher has recorded little change since 1996; for men, it increased from 6 to 11 per cent and, for women, from 4 to 7 per cent.

  Bachelor degree or higher Other qualification2 Unknown No qualification
Men Women Men Women Men Women Men Women
1996 6% 4% 16% 9% 6% 7% 72% 80%
2001 7% 5% 15% 10% 4% 5% 75% 80%
2006 9% 5% 15% 14% 4% 4% 72% 77%
2011 11% 7% 17% 17% 3% 3% 69% 73%

Source: Compiled by Screen Australia using unpublished data from the Australian Bureau of Statistics (ABS), Censuses of Population and Housing, 1996–2011.

Notes:
Adjustments have been made to figures by the ABS to avoid the release of confidential data. Figures may not total exactly due to rounding.
Video hire was available as a separate industry classification for the first time in 1996.
1. Industry definitions used by the ABS have changed over time. See Industry and occupation definitions for classifications and definitions.

2. Includes certificate, diploma and advanced diploma qualifications.

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