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International context
Trade in cinema content

Value of royalty trade in cinema releases, 1991/92–2015/16

Next update April 2018


Royalty earnings for Australian cinema exports have fallen significantly in recent years. After peaking at $39 million in 2002/03, annual export value has fluctuated between $3 million and $12 million since 2004/05. The US is the primary source of imports, accounting for 77 per cent of expenditure in 2015/16, the highest proportion under the current methodology.

The Australian Bureau of Statistics (ABS) also reports figures for unidentified audiovisual imports and exports, a portion of which may be for cinema releases. In 2015/16, there was $62 million in exports and $20 million in imports in this category.

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Value of royalty trade in cinema releases, 2005/06–2015/16

Graph: Trade in royalties, cinema: 1991/92-2014/15. Table below has the data.

2005/06–2015/16

Exports ($m) Imports ($m) Deficit ($m)
US UK Other All US UK Other All
2005/06 5 5 -69 -1 -15 -85 -80
2006/07 2 2 4 -68 n.p. n.p. -96 -92
2007/08 6 3 9 n.p. n.p. n.p. -65 -56
2008/09 3 1 4 -54 -1 -21 -76 -72
2009/10 7 7 -62 -1 -17 -80 -73
2010/11 n.p. n.p. n.p. 4 -70 -2 -36 -108 -104
2011/12 n.p. n.p. n.p. 3 -96 -19 -118 -115
2012/13 6 6 -128 -8 -8 -144 -138
2013/14 n.p. 1 n.p. 3 -111 -41 -39 -191 -188
2014/15 8 n.p. 12 -165 -40 -28 -233 -221
2015/16 2 n.p. n.p. 6 -237 n.p. n.p. -309 -303

Source: Unpublished data from Australian Bureau of Statistics (ABS), Balance of Payments and International Investment Position (cat. no. 5302.0).

Notes:
Methodology differs from 1991/92–2004/05 data.
– Nil or rounded to zero.
n.p. Not available for publication but included in totals where applicable.

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1991/92–2004/05

Exports ($m) Imports ($m) Deficit ($m)
1991/92 12 -88 -76
1992/93 29 -74 -45
1993/94 16 -88 -72
1994/95 22 -72 -50
1995/96 17 -72 -55
1996/97 22 -89 -67
1997/98 18 -135 -117
1998/99 26 -97 -71
1999/00 35 -146 -110
2000/01 10 -88 -78
2001/02 <1 -91 -91
2002/03 39 -81 -42
2003/04 18 -76 -59
2004/05 4 -79 -74

Source: Unpublished data from Australian Bureau of Statistics (ABS), Balance of Payments and International Investment Position (cat. no. 5302.0).
Includes Australian Film Commission (AFC) estimates. Data revised by the ABS December 2006: 2000/01 export figures as reported by the ABS at June 2006.

Notes:
Before 2005/06, the AFC estimated the total import and export value of cinema releases by apportioning an amount from the unidentified audiovisual import and export categories reported by the ABS to cinema release and combining this with the reported cinema category. Therefore, any comparisons between figures before and after 2005/06 should be made with caution.

About the data

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