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FEature film production Spend in Australia

Amount and proportion of expenditure in Australia by Australian and foreign features, 1994/95–2015/16

Next update March 2018

Since 1994/95, when the monitoring of this indicator began, the overall trend for expenditure in Australia, on both Australian and foreign features, has been upwards. Annual expenditure in the second half of the 1990s averaged $171 million, and by the conclusion of the 2000s had reached $315 million (excluding PDV-only). The first six years of the current decade reports annual expenditure of $326 million (excluding PDV-only).

Stand-out years:

2003/04 recorded annual expenditure of $449 million (excluding PDV-only) for all productions. Notable high-budget titles that commenced production that year include the Australian animated feature Happy Feet and the US features Son of the Mask, Star Wars – Episode III and Stealth.

2009/10 recorded annual expenditure of $442 million (excluding PDV-only) which can be attributed to the comparatively greater number of titles (47 excluding PDV-only titles) that commenced production in that year as well as those with a high budget, including foreign titles The Chronicles of Narnia: The Voyage of the Dawn Treader and Don't Be Afraid of the Dark, as well as local titles Killer Elite and Sanctum.

2013/14 recorded annual expenditure of $457 million (excluding PDV-only), the highest on record. Titles that commenced production that year include the high-budget domestic films The Gods of Egypt and The Water Diviner and foreign features Unbroken, San Andreas, The Moon and the Sun and The Inbetweeners.

In the six years from 1994/95 to 1999/00, expenditure in Australia by foreign features averaged $65 million annually, more than doubling to $137 million (excluding PDV-only) in the 2000s. Foreign expenditure peaked in 2004/05, when $258 million was spent here. Nine projects started shooting that year, including high-budget titles Charlotte's Web, Ghost Rider and Superman Returns. Within four years this had dropped to an all-time low of just $2 million (excluding PDV-only) with activity restricted to six Indian titles and no US production taking place in Australia for the first time since production recording started in 1988.

Between 1994/95 and 1999/00, foreign features accounted for 38 per cent of feature production spending in Australia increasing to 43 per cent in the following decade. 2002/03 and 2004/05 recorded the highest proportion of spending by foreign features over the last 20 years, with 72 per cent and 73 per cent respectively.

In 2008/09, with the dramatic drop in foreign features and with two high-budget Australian features starting production (Legend of the Guardians: The Owls of Ga'Hoole and Happy Feet Two), Australian titles accounted for 95 per cent of feature production spending. Foreign feature production rose again in 2009/10 to 37 per cent (excluding PDV-only), with the production of The Chronicles of Narnia: The Voyage of the Dawn Treader and Don't Be Afraid of the Dark. Over the last sixyears, feature spend in Australia by foreign productions averaged 47 per cent.

In terms of the proportion of total production budgets that are actually spent in Australia, Australian features tend to spend almost all their budget here, while for foreign features the proportion is lower. Over the 22 years from July 1994 to June 2016, Australian features spent 87 per cent of their total production budgets in Australia, while the proportion for foreign features is just 51 per cent.

Feature film spend in Australia, 1994/95–2015/16

Notes:
Foreign productions undertaking only PDV in Australia have been included since 2006/07.


Figures preceded by '+' are for foreign productions undertaking only PDV work in Australia.

  Spend in Australia ($m)
Australian productions1 Foreign productions2 All productions
1994/95 42 54 96
1995/96 89 60 148
1996/97 116 33 148
1997/98 146 67 213
1998/99 112 103 215
1999/00 129 78 206
Total 94/95–99/00 634 393 1,027
Annual av. 94/95–99/00 106 65 171
2000/01 102 114 216
2001/02 156 185 341
2002/03 63 162 225
2003/04 201 249 449
2004/05 93 258 352
2005/06 112 23 135
2006/07 234 105 (+9) 339 (+9)
2007/08 173 105 (+13) 278 (+13)
2008/09 368 2 (+18) 370 (+18)
2009/10 273 169 (+10) 442 (+10)
Total 00/01–09/10 1,776 1,371 (+51) 3147 (+51)
Annual av. 00/01–09/10 178 137 (+13) 315 (+13)
2010/11 93 76 169
2011/12 303 90 393
2012/13 255 110 365
2013/14 298 203 501
2014/15 122 411 533
2015/16 194 243 437
Total 10/11–15/16 1,265 1,133 2,398
Annual av. 10/11–15/16 211 189 400
  Share of total feature spend in Australia (%)
Australian productions1 Foreign productions2
1994/95 44% 56%
1995/96 60% 40%
1996/97 78% 22%
1997/98 69% 31%
1998/99 52% 48%
1999/00 62% 38%
Annual av. 94/95–99/00 62% 38%
2000/01 47% 53%
2001/02 46% 54%
2002/03 28% 72%
2003/04 45% 55%
2004/05 27% 73%
2005/06 83% 17%
2006/07 67% 30% (+3%)
2007/08 60% 36% (+5%)
2008/09 95% <1% (+5%)
2009/10 60% 37% (+2%)
Annual av. 00/01–09/10 56% 43% (+4%)
2010/11 55% 45%
2011/12 77% 23%
2012/13 70% 30%
2013/14 59% 41%
2014/15 23% 77%
2015/16 44% 56%
Annual av. 10/11–15/16 53% 47%
  Proportion of total production budgets spent in Australia (%)
Australian productions1 Foreign productions2, 3 All productions
1994/95 97% 77% 85%
1995/96 100% 45% 67%
1996/97 88% 48% 75%
1997/98 89% 84% 87%
1998/99 96% 59% 74%
1999/00 91% 28% 50%
Annual av. 94/95–99/00 92% 49% 69%
2000/01 63% 56% 59%
2001/02 92% 49% 63%
2002/03 89% 63% 69%
2003/04 89% 58% 68%
2004/05 83% 54% 59%
2005/06 91% 63% 84%
2006/07 86% 39% 63%
2007/08 69% 55% 63%
2008/09 90% 16% 88%
2009/10 91% 68% 80%
Annual av. 00/01–09/10 85% 55% 68%
2010/11 74% 9% 70%
2011/12 81% 14% 78%
2012/13 84% 64% 77%
2013/14 83% 57% 72%
2014/15 94% 63% 71%
2015/16 94% 41% 57%
Annual av. 10/11–15/16 85% 41% 71%

Source: Screen Australia.

Notes:
Figures are updated on an ongoing basis therefore there may be some discrepancies with previously published data.
Figures may not total exactly due to rounding.
Figures preceded by '+' are for foreign productions undertaking only PDV work in Australia. Foreign productions undertaking only PDV in Australia have been included since 2006/07. Foreign shoot and PDV-only figures have been combined from 2010/11 onwards due to confidentiality reasons
1. Productions under Australian creative control, including domestic productions, official co-productions and other productions involving shared creative control, i.e. with a mix of Australians in key creative positions.
2. Productions under foreign creative control with a substantial amount shot in Australia.
3. Total budgets for foreign PDV-only titles are not available

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