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Sources of finance for Australian TV drama

Contributions of various types of investor to Australian and co-production TV drama, 1995/96–2014/15

Next update March 2017

Since 1995/96, around half the finance for the Australian TV drama slate (including co-productions) has come from the Australian film/TV industry, mainly commercial broadcasters. This has risen to over 60 per cent in the last five years.

The Producer Offset, cashflowed by producers in various ways, has contributed an average of 12 per cent of finance since its introduction in July 2007. The industry itself was the largest source of Offset cashflow, with the larger production companies and broadcasters tending to find the funds from their own resources. Other sources include specific industry funds, government and loans from the banking and private sectors.

Foreign investors are also a significant source of finance, with contributions peaking at 50.2 per cent in 1999/00. A substantial proportion of foreign contributions are for co-productions. The five-year average has declined from 35 per cent in 1995/96-1999/00 to 14 per cent in 2010/11–2014/15.

Over the last twenty years , direct Australian Government sources have provided an average of 11 per cent of finance for the Australian TV drama slate. Up until the end of 2007/08, most of this finance came from the Film Finance Corporation Australia (FFC), which invested in both Australian and co-production TV dramas. In July 2008, the FFC became part of Screen Australia, which is now the primary source of direct government financing.

While the primary source of private investment has been through Division 10BA of the Income Tax Assessment Act, the increases in contributions from private sources in 2001/02 and 2002/03 were due principally to the investment of funds raised by the Macquarie Nine Film & TV Funds. Division 10BA closed to new applicants in July 2007, although the concessional status for investment in productions holding a valid 10BA certificate was available until 30 June 2009.

Graph: Contributions of various types of investor to Australian TV drama, 1995/96-2014/15. Table below has the data.
  Contribution $m % of total finance No. programs invested in
Australian Government sources1
1995/96 60 28% 29
1996/97 35 14% 20
1997/98 37 13% 24
1998/99 20 6% 16
1999/00 28 7% 1
5-year average 36 12% 18
2000/01 35 10% 15
2001/02 32 10% 19
2002/03 41 17% 20
2003/04 35 16% 19
2004/05 32 15% 17
5-year average 35 13% 18
2005/06 40 18% 20
2006/07 39 14% 24
2007/08 18 6% 16
2008/09 42 12% 26
2009/10 28 9% 21
5-year average 34 11% 21
2010/11 44 13% 30
2011/12 31 9% 33
2012/13 38 9% 33
2013/14 28 7% 33
2014/15 33 10% 33
5-year average 35 10% 32
Australian private investors2
1995/96 0 0% 0
1996/97 41 16% 3
1997/98 24 9% 13
1998/99 12 4% 3
1999/00 18 5% 7
5-year average 19 6% 5
2000/01 8 2% 4
2001/02 28 9% 6
2002/03 15 6% 4
2003/04 10 4% 2
2004/05 5 2% 4
5-year average 13 5% 4
2005/06 15 7% 4
2006/07 10 4% 3
2007/08 8 2% 2
2008/09 7 2% 2
2009/10 <1 <1% 2
5-year average 8 3% 3
2010/11 <1 <1% 1
2011/12 <1 <1% 1
2012/13 <1 <1% 3
2013/14 <1 <1% 4
2014/15 <1 <1% 1
5-year average <1 <1% 2
Producer Offset
2007/08 29 9% 28
2008/09 42 12% 35
2009/10 43 14% 27
2010/11 47 14% 34
2011/12 40 12% 39
5-year average 40 12% 32
2012/13 52 13% 45
2013/14 44 11% 37
2014/15 38 11% 32
PDV Offset
2013/14 7 2% 7
2014/15 7 2% 7
Australian film/TV industry3
1995/96 123 56% 43
1996/97 118 47% 39
1997/98 142 51% 42
1998/99 149 46% 33
1999/00 146 38% 43
5-year average 135 46% 40
200/01 152 43% 43
2001/02 138 44% 43
2002/03 136 55% 40
2003/04 137 63% 39
2004/05 140 64% 33
5-year average 140 52% 40
2005/06 125 55% 38
2006/07 192 71% 44
2007/08 194 60% 46
2008/09 215 61% 45
2009/10 197 63% 37
5-year average 185 62% 42
2010/11 217 63% 40
2011/12 212 63% 43
2012/13 270 66% 57
2013/14 244 63% 48
2014/15 201 60% 47
5-year average 229 63% 47
Foreign investors
1995/96 36 16% 26
1996/97 59 23% 24
1997/98 76 27% 24
1998/99 145 45% 30
1999/00 193 50% 29
5-year average 102 35% 27
2000/01 155 44% 25
2001/02 115 37% 19
2002/03 56 23% 22
2003/04 35 16% 16
2004/05 42 19% 18
5-year average 82 30% 20
2005/06 46 20% 20
2006/07 30 11% 12
2007/08 74 23% 19
2008/09 48 14% 15
2009/10 47 15% 12
5-year average 49 16% 16
2010/11 35 10% 19
2011/12 51 15% 17
2012/13 47 12% 29
2013/14 65 17% 27
2014/15 54 16% 21
5-year average 50 14% 23

Source: Screen Australia.

Notes:
Productions under Australian creative control, including domestic productions, official co-productions and other productions involving shared creative control, i.e. with a mix of Australians in key creative positions.
Figures are updated on an ongoing basis therefore there may be some discrepancies with previously published data.
1. Includes direct funding from Australian state and federal agencies and funding bodies. Comprises equity investments only – distribution guarantees, loans and underwriting are not included.
2. Includes private non-industry sources such as FLICs and 10B and 10BA investors.
3. Includes Australian-based film and TV producers and production companies, distribution companies, commercial free-to-air broadcasters, the ABC and SBS and subscription TV channels.

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