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Business trends
Sources of income

Key sources of income for businesses in the film and video production and post-production services industry, 1999/00, 2002/03 and 2006/07

Next update to be advised


2006/07

Production income rose from $811.4 million in 2002/03 to $1,132.4 million in 2006/07. Of this, $1,131.2 million was earned by film and video production services businesses.

Comparison between specific categories is problematic as 2006/07 and top-line 2002/03 figures include income from significant non-employing businesses whereas 1999/00 figures and 2002/03 breakdown figures do not (see About the data).

Income from the production of television programs continued to be the largest income source overall (27.1 per cent of total income or $549.7 million in 2006/07), including $139.4 million from adult drama and $41.3 million from children’s drama. The contribution of feature film production rose to 10.5 per cent or $213.7 million in 2006/07, compared to 5 per cent or less in previous years. Income from TV commericals remained relatively steady.

Income from the provision of production services to other businesses decreased from $364 million in 2002/03 to $343.7 million in 2006/07. Of this, $332.3 million was earned by film and video production services businesses. It appears there was a significant drop in producers’ fees to $72 million in 2006/07. In 2002/03, these were worth $126.7 million, not including non-employing businesses.

Income from the provision of post, digital and visual effects (PDV) rose by 14 per cent from $375 million in 2002/03 to $427.6 million in 2006/07 (including $25.3 million from production services businesses). Over half (63.4 per cent) of this income came from visual editing, including animation and visual effects, while sound editing made up 5.3 per cent.
 

Graphs: Key sources of income for businesses in the film and video production industry, 2006/07. Table following provides the data.
 
  No. businesses1 Income ($m) Proportion of total income
Total 2,492 2,028.1 100%
Income from the production of:
Feature films n.a. 213.7 10.5%
Television programs n.a. 549.7 27.1%
Commercials n.a. *245.4 12.1%
Corporate, training and marketing videos n.a. *89.6 4.4%
Educational media n.a. *10.2 0.5%
Music media n.a. *2.1 0.1%
Other n.a. ^20.5 1.0%
Production income earned by post-production businesses n.a. **1.2 <0.1%
Total income from production2   1,132.4 55.8%
Income from the provision of production services to other businesses
Producers’ fees and line production n.a. *72.0 3.6%
Directors’ fees n.a. **5.5 0.3%
Cinematography n.a. *61.5 3%
Rental of facilities and/or equipment with crew n.a. ^163.6 8.1%
Other production services n.a. ^29.7 1.5%
Income from the provision of production services to other businesses by post-production businesses n.a. **11.4 0.6%
Total income from production services   ^343.7 16.9%
Income from the provision of post-production services to other businesses
Visual editing
Subtitling n.a. 53.2 2.6%
Visual effects n.a. ^72.7 3.6%
Animation n.a. 81.9 4.0%
Other n.a. ^63.2 3.1%
Total visual editing n.a. 270.9 13.4%
Sound editing
Dubbing n.a. ^11.1 0.5%
Other n.a. ^11.5 0.6%
Total sound editing n.a. ^22.6 1.1%
Duplication n.a. 52.8 2.6%
Transferring3 n.a. ^5.8 0.3%
Film laboratory services n.a. n.p. n.p.
Other post-production services n.a. n.p. n.p.
Total income from post-production services   427.6 21.1%
Other income
Sale of program format rights n.a. ^3.3 0.2%
Rent, leasing and hiring n.a. ^11.3 0.6%
Interest income n.a. ^13.5 0.7%
Other n.a. 96.4 4.8%
Total other income   124.5 6.1%

Source: Australian Bureau of Statistics (ABS), Television, Film and Video Production and Post-production Services, 2006/07 (cat. no. 8679.0).

Notes:
Figures may not total exactly due to rounding.
Includes all employing and significant non-employing businesses mainly engaged in film and video production and post-production services. Does not include television broadcasters or subscription television channel providers. See About the data.
^ Estimate has a relative standard error of 10–25 per cent and should be used with caution.
* Estimate has a relative standard error of 25–50 per cent and should be used with caution.
** Estimate has a relative standard error greater than 50 per cent and is considered too unreliable for general use.
n.p. Not available for publication but included in totals where applicable.
1. Number of businesses was not published by the ABS in 2006/07, unlike previous years.
2. Includes distribution advances and presales, minimum guarantee payments, program licence fees, public and private investment, and royalties from film and video production. Unlike previous years, figures are not provided for completed and commissioned works.
3. Previously included in other post-production services income.

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2002/03

Graphs: Key sources of income for businesses in the film and video production industry, 2002/03. Table following provides the data.
 
  No. businesses Income ($m) Proportion of total income
Total 2,174 1,596.6 100%
Revised total2 r2,638 r1,658.2 100%
Income from the production of:
Feature films ^182 59.2 3.7%
Television programs 389 393.6 24.7%
Commercials 443 228.4 14.3%
Corporate, training and marketing videos 451 ^70.6 4.4%
Educational media ^121 ^11.3 0.7%
Music media ^94 *3.8 0.2%
Other ^150 *11.8 0.7%
Total income from production of completed works1 1,190 778.6 48.8%
Revised total income from production2   r811.4 r48.9%
Income from the provision of production services to other businesses
Producers’ fees and line production 346 126.7 7.9%
Directors’ fees ^208 ^15.3 1.0%
Cinematography ^263 ^23.2 1.5%
Other production services 479 185.7 11.6%
Total income from production services 1,004 350.9 22.0%
Revised total income from production services2   r364.0 22.0%
Income from the provision of post-production services to other businesses
Visual editing
Subtitling ^49 ^13.4 0.8%
Other ^168 ^106.4 6.7%
Total visual editing ^212 ^119.9 7.5%
Sound editing
Dubbing *47 8.0 0.5%
Other ^77 21.3 1.3%
Total sound editing ^106 29.3 1.8%
Duplication ^158 83.3 5.2%
Film laboratory services *11 n.p. n.p.
Other post-production services ^151 n.p. n.p.
Total income from post-production services 409 360.5 22.6%
Revised total income from post-production services2   r375.0 22.6%
Other income
Interest income 812 15.5 1.0%
Other 743 ^91.0 5.7%
Total other income 1,555 106.5 6.7%
Revised total other income2   ^r107.9 r6.5%

Source: Australian Bureau of Statistics (ABS), Television, Film and Video Production and Post-production Services, 2006/07; Television, Film and Video Production, 2002/03 (cat. no. 8679.0).

Notes: Figures may not total exactly due to rounding.
Includes employing businesses mainly engaged in film and video production and post-production services. Does not include television broadcasters or subscription television channel providers. Significant non-employing businesses are included in revised totals only.
^ Estimate has a relative standard error of 10–25 per cent and should be used with caution.
* Estimate has a relative standard error of 25–50 per cent and should be used with caution.
n.p. Not available for publication but included in totals where applicable.
r Revised estimate.
1. Income from production activity includes distribution advances, minimum guarantee payments, program licence fees, presales; and private investment. Of the $778.6 million received from the production of completed works, $88.9 million was for commissioned works (i.e. the business did not retain the rights to the production).
2. With the release of 2006/07 data, the ABS issued revised top-line figures for 2002/03: See About the data.

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1999/00

Graphs: Key sources of income for businesses in the film and video production industry, 1999/00. Table following provides the data.
 
  No. businesses Income ($m) Proportion of total income
Total 1,951 1,473.8 100.0%
Income from the production of:
Feature films 116 74.0 5.0%
Television programs 249 472.2 32.0%
Commercials 318 186.2 12.6%
Training and marketing videos 357 72.0 4.9%
Music videos *29 *4.1 0.3%
Other 196 *41.4 2.8%
Total income from production of completed works1 879 849.9 57.7%
Income from the provision of production services to other businesses
Producers’ fees and line production 363 50.9 3.5%
Directors’ fees 246 19.7 1.3%
Cinematography 294 25.7 1.7%
Other production services 617 136.7 9.3%
Total income from production services 1,176 233.1 15.8%
Income from the provision of post-production services to other businesses
Dubbing and sub-titling 76 15.2 1.0%
Editing 349 140.1 9.5%
Duplication 136 n.p. n.p.
Film laboratory services *19 n.p. n.p.
Other post-production services 154 27.8 1.9%
Total income from post-production services 471 262.6 17.8%
Other income
Interest income 743 15.8 1.1%
Other 667 112.5 7.6%
Total other income 1,016 128.2 8.7%

Source: Australian Bureau of Statistics (ABS), Film and Video Production and Distribution, 1999/2000 (cat. no. 8679.0).

Notes:
Figures may not total exactly due to rounding.
Includes employing businesses mainly engaged in film and video production and post-production services. Does not include television broadcasters, subscription television channel providers or non-employing businesses.
* Estimate has a relative standard error of 25–50 per cent and should be used with caution.
n.p. Not available for publication but included in totals where applicable.
1. Income from production activity includes distribution advances, minimum guarantee payments, program licence fees, presales; and private investment. Of the $849.9 million received from the production of completed works, $44.7 million was for commissioned works (i.e. the business did not retain the rights to the production).

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