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Focus on PDV
expenditure

Operating expenditure of PDV businesses, 1996/97, 1999/00, 2002/03 and 2006/07

Next update to be advised

Operating expenditure of PDV businesses was $395.6 million in 2006/07, according to the Australian Bureau of Statistics Service Industry Survey, and accounted for 21.3 per cent of the entire expenditure of the film and video production and post-production services industry ($1,857.4 million). See Business trends > Income and expenditure.

Labour costs (42.2 per cent) were again the major operating expense for PDV businesses in 2006/07 while spending on purchases has more than halved as a proportion of total expenditure since 2002/03 (from 20.2 per cent to 9.9 per cent). This may be due to the implementation of digital technologies, which dramatically reduce reliance on physical tape stock.

Graph: PDV operating expenditure by type of expenditure, 1996/97, 1999/00, 2002/03 and 2006/07. Table following provides the data.
  No. businesses1 Expenditure ($m) Proportion of total expenditure
96/97 99/00 02/03 06/07 96/97 99/00 02/03 06/07 96/97 99/00 02/03 06/07
Total ^156 266 ^195 n.a. 145.7 ^230.2 358.1 395.6 100% 100% 100% 100%
Labour costs
Wages and salaries n.a. 248 ^172 n.a. 40.0 ^63.3 100 143.3 27.4% 27.5% 27.9% 36.2%
Employer contributions to
superannuation funds2
n.a. ^214 ^169 n.a. n.a ^5.4 9 13.8 n.a 2.3% 2.5% 3.5%
Salary sacrifice, share-based payments and stock options2 n.a. n.a. n.a. n.a. n.a n.a. n.a. ^1.4 n.a n.a. n.a. 0.4%
Workers compensation costs n.a. ^184 ^143 n.a. n.a ^0.6 1.1 ^1.2 n.a 0.3% 0.3% 0.3%
Fringe benefits tax n.a. ^49 ^36 n.a. n.a ^0.8 1 1.2 n.a 0.3% 0.3% 0.3%
Payroll tax n.a. ^33 ^42 n.a. n.a ^2.3 4.9 6 n.a 1.0% 1.4% 1.5%
Total labour costs n.a. 253 ^185 n.a. n.a ^72.4 116 166.9 n.a. 31.5% 32.4% 42.2%
Purchases
Film and video tape stock n.a. ^156 ^122 n.a. n.a 31.2 ^45.9 n.p. n.a. 13.6% 12.8% n.p.
Other n.a. ^93 ^68 n.a. n.a ^5.8 26.5 n.p. n.a. 2.5% 7.4% n.p.
Total purchases n.a. ^197 ^130 n.a. n.a 37 ^72.3 39.1 n.a. 16.1% 20.2% 9.9%
Payments to other businesses for production or post-production services
Payments to other businesses
for production services
n.a. ^97 ^95 n.a. n.a. ^5.0 *24.3 *10.6 n.a. 2.2% 6.8% 2.7%
Payments to other businesses for PDV and film laboratory services n.a. ^98 ^90 n.a. n.a. *16.8 ^25.8 ^26.1 n.a. 7.3% 7.2% 6.6%
Total payments to other
businesses for production
or post-production services
n.a. n.a. n.a. n.a. n.a. 21.8 50.1 36.1 n.a. 9.5% 14.0% 9.3%
Other expenditure 
Other contract, subcontract
and commission expenses
n.a. ^47 ^39 n.a. n.a. *6.3 ^3.5 21.2 n.a. 2.7% 1.0% 5.4%
Rent leasing and hiring n.a. ^200 ^145 n.a. n.a. ^15.0 ^24.2 ^23.8 n.a. 6.5% 6.7% 6.0%
Depreciation and amortisation
Amortisation of productions n.a. *33 *5 n.a. n.a. ^6.0 ^0.7 2.9 n.a. 2.6% 0.2% 0.7%
Other depreciation and amortisation n.a. ^158 ^80 n.a. n.a. ^17.0 21.8 ^29.0 n.a. 7.4% 6.1% 7.3%
Total depreciation and amortisation n.a. ^178 ^80 n.a. n.a. ^23.0 22.4 31.9 n.a. 10.0% 6.3% 8.1%
Travelling, accommodation
and entertainment
n.a. ^185 ^128 n.a. n.a. ^2.9 *5.7 6.5 n.a. 1.3% 1.6% 1.7%
Royalties
Paid to Australian businesses/individuals n.a. n.p. *14 n.a. n.a. n.p. 7.3 n.p. n.a. n.p. 2.0% n.p.
Paid to overseas businesses/individuals n.a. n.p. **8 n.a. n.a. n.p. 1.5 n.p. n.a. n.p. 0.4% n.p.
Total royalties n.a. *26 *14 n.a. n.a. *0.1 8.8 ^0.6 n.a. 0% 2.5% 0.1%
Advertising3 n.a. n.a. ^88 n.a. n.a. n.a 4 n.a. n.a. n.a 1.1% n.a.
Telecommunication services3 n.a. n.p. ^185 n.a. n.a. ^2.6 4.5 n.a. n.a. 1.1% 1.2% n.a.
Motor vehicle running expenses3 n.a. ^191 ^154 n.a. n.a. ^1.4 1.6 n.a. n.a. 0.6% 0.4% n.a.
Insurance premiums n.a. ^204 ^150 n.a. n.a. ^1.8 3.4 2.7 n.a. 0.8% 0.9% 0.7%
Repairs and maintenance n.a. ^211 ^149 n.a. n.a. ^6.4 7.4 6.3 n.a. 2.8% 2.1% 1.6%
Audit and other accounting expenses3 n.a. ^231 ^161 n.a. n.a. ^1.1 1.5 n.a. n.a. 0.5% 0.4% n.a.
Land tax and land rates4 n.a. n.a. n.a. n.a. n.a. n.a. n.a. 0.4 n.a. n.a. n.a. 0.1%
Interest n.a. ^137 ^102 n.a. n.a. 12 4.6 ^8.7 n.a. 5.2% 1.3% 2.2%
Bad and doubtful debts n.a. ^40 ^54 n.a. n.a. ^0.7 1.2 ^0.3 n.a. 0.3% 0.3% 0.1%
Computer software expenses4 n.a. n.a. n.a. n.a. n.a. n.a. n.a. *5.3 n.a. n.a. n.a. 1.3
Other3 n.a. ^225 ^138 n.a. n.a. ^25.7 27 45.2 n.a. 11.2% 7.5% 11.4%
Total other expenditure n.a. n.a. n.a. n.a. n.a. 99 119.7 153.5 n.a. 42.9% 33.4% 38.8%

Source: Australian Bureau of Statistics (ABS), Television, Film and Video Production and Post-production Services, 2006/07 (cat. no. 8679.0); and unpublished data from Television, Film and Video Production, 2002/03 (cat. no. 8679.0); Film and Video Production and Distribution, 1999/00 (cat. no. 8679.0) and Film and Video Production and Distribution, 1996/97 (cat. no. 8679.0) and Screen Australia estimates based on 1996/97 ABS data.

Notes:
Classifications and definitions for the PDV sector and PDV businesses have changed over time: see Focus on PDV and About the data.
Only figures for 2006/07 include significant non-employing businesses (i.e. those with turnover greater than $70,000).
Does not include capital expenditure or expenditure on research and development (R&D).
^ Estimate has a relative standard error of 10–25 per cent and should be used with caution.
* Estimate has a relative standard error of 25–50 per cent and should be used with caution.
n.a. Not available.
n.p. Not available for publication but included in totals where applicable, unless otherwise indicated.
1. As businesses may have more than one item of expenditure, the count of businesses for each expense item does not sum to the total. Breakdown of businesses not available for 2006/07.
2. In 1999/00 and 2002/03 employer contributions to superannuation funds included salary sacrifice payments paid in this manner; other salary sacrifice was included with the relevant item. In 2006/07, it was included as a separate line item.
3. In 2006/07, advertising, telecommunication services, motor vehicle running expenses and audit and other accounting expenses were included in the ‘other’ category.
4. Land tax and land rates and computer software expenses were included as separate items for the first time in 2006/07. Previously included in the ‘other’ category.

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